Upgrading from PHP 5.2 to 5.3 in Ubuntu – Part 1

Jul 05
2009

( I’m publishing this partially done so that it acts as a reminder for me to FINISH it… bare with me! )

Overview of Important Changes

variable class naming

Previously in PHP, only method and function names could be variables.  Ie:

$func = "print";
$func("Hello World");
class Foo {
  public static function Bar()
  {
     echo "Hello World";
  }
}

$method = "Bar";
Foo::$method();

Now, in PHP 5.3+, variable class naming is also supported – making possible this syntax:

class Foo {
  public static function Bar()
  {
     echo "Hello World";
  }
}

$class = "Foo";
$method = "Bar";
$class::$method

This new class variable naming should provide a much desired level of ambiguity for PHP developers, I know for my MVC framework, it could really change the Typhoon PHP Typhoon->run() method in a positive way.

late static binding

This is a more advance PHP OOP topic – that almost came off as a bug in previous versions of PHP. I’ve personally ran into it myself on occasion, and am happy to see a solution available in PHP 5.3. In previous versions of PHP, static calls resolved to the inherited class. In cases where one needed a static call to resolve in it’s own scope, unexpected results were common. Ie:

class Foo {
    public static function who() {
        echo __CLASS__;
    }
    public static function test() {
        self::who();
    }
}

class Bar extends Foo {
    public static function who() {
         echo __CLASS__;
    }
}

Bar::test();

Output:

Foo

The solution, “Late Static Bindings”, solves this using the static keyword:

class Foo {
    public static function who() {
        echo __CLASS__;
    }
    public static function test() {
        static::who();
    }
}

class Bar extends Foo {
    public static function who() {
         echo __CLASS__;
    }
}

Bar::test();

The static keyword resolves to the calling class and produces the expected output:

Bar

Additions to Standard PHP Library (SPL)

Circular Garbage Collection

Lambda Functions (Anonymous Functions)

Closures

Overriding Internal Functions

New Reserved Words

Namespaces

Jump Labels

Changes to Functions and Methods

Extensions

Phar

php.ini Changes

Deprecated Methods

Install php 5.3 on Ubuntu

mkdir download && cd download
wget http://snaps.php.net/php5.3-200906131830.tar.gz

One Response to “Upgrading from PHP 5.2 to 5.3 in Ubuntu – Part 1”

  1. lockerz says:

    lockerz is a great website

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